Manual The Disaster Preparedness Guide to Essential Medical and First-Aid Tips

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Contents:
  1. Special Needs Emergency Preparedness
  2. ACEP First Aid Manual, 5th Edition (Dk First Aid Manual)
  3. Emergency kit: essential items, all times
  4. First Aid and Health Safety for Disasters

Again, this will be something that is very specific to your family and should be discussed and agreed on. This checklist should include emergency contacts.


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It should also include local emergency phone numbers and addresses. A very short list of important items to be removed from the house may also be included i. Spare car keys may also be on this list and kept in the same vital folder, making it easy to grab and go. It may also be helpful to create separate lists for either members of your family or different types of emergencies. The most important thing to know when creating this checklist is that may need to change in a split second. It's important not to get too caught up in details that might slow down or endanger your family's wellbeing.

Preparing for extended periods of emergency is also important. Natural disasters may knock out power, pollute drinking water, and make it difficult for first responders to reach you. Best prepare to be in it for the long haul.

Special Needs Emergency Preparedness

An emergency food storage of canned and nonperishable items, as well as bottled drinking water are essential, especially for families living in areas with an increased likelihood of natural disasters, including hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, wildfires, and snow emergencies. Reliance containers have a five-year warranty, so buyers who have encountered subpar spigots can request a free replacement by contacting Reliance customer service at or through this contact page. Amazon sometimes offers this spigot only as an add-on item.

A couple of caveats: Unlike some other Reliance models, the Aqua-Tainer is not designed to be stacked. When full, the 7-gallon jug weighs close to 60 pounds. The 5-gallon Reliance Aqua-Pak , which is usually a few dollars more, may be a better choice for people who lack muscle, or who envision lugging water long distances. Or you could just buy the bigger, cheaper jug and avoid filling it to the brim. A more economical and ultimately more convenient option is to purchase a gallon drum, like this one from Augason Farms.

When prices spike, you might consider buying the drum and components separately. In our experience, most blue gallon drums of this type are essentially the same. Ideally you should store your water in a cool, shaded location.

ACEP First Aid Manual, 5th Edition (Dk First Aid Manual)

If you want a stash of light, easily portable water containers, we like the long-lasting, durable Datrex pouches, which have an international seal of approval. A number of competitors sell similarly styled emergency water pouches, but we like that Datrex specializes in emergency preparedness and that this product is widely available online and in stores.


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It also has the approval of the respective coast guards in the United States, Canada, the European Union, and New Zealand for use in their own emergency kits. We used to recommend Aquamira water purification tablets specifically, but they have since become unavailable. You need about one tablet per liter of water you want to treat. So the packets of 10 or 20 tablets that are available are a good backup for most people, but those with elevated risk factors for a particularly devastating disaster with a long recovery period—such as people in the Cascadia subduction zone in the Pacific Northwest—will want a larger supply like a package of 50, if you can find it.

The two most common chemical methods of purifying water are iodine and chlorine dioxide. Though both have been proven to wipe out bacteria and viruses effectively, the CDC advises that chlorine dioxide has shown to be more effective than iodine against the protozoan cysts Giardia and Cryptosporidium , both of which can wreak gastrointestinal havoc. Water treated with chlorine dioxide also tastes better than water treated with iodine and stays safer for long-term use. Treating the water from your heater or toilet tank may not be strictly necessary, but if you feel more comfortable doing so, popping in a tablet is easier than messing around with bleach.

Bleach has unhealthy impurities and side effects if used for extended periods of time, especially at uncertain concentrations used in emergencies. Double the dose to 20 drops per gallon for cloudy or very cold water. An insulated bottle will keep your water cold when it would otherwise get warm, and the wide opening on this bottle lets you easily add ice cubes, too.

Because all our picks resist impact, have leakproof tops, and fit into a backpack, any one of them would be a great addition to your emergency bag or, in less crisis-filled times, your gym bag. If you keep the freezer door closed, that food should stay safe to eat for 72 hours into a blackout. Your grill is a great resource in an emergency, too.

These widely available energy bars taste good, last a year, and can be found for about a dollar each. On average, each bar contains roughly calories, 10 grams of protein, 5 to 7 grams of fat, up to 5 grams of fiber, and around 40 grams of carbs. Eating them feels like chewing on a moist, mildly sweet chunk of compressed sawdust.

These types of bars can be crumbly and greasy; once you open a large package, it makes a mess. With to calories for a bar smaller in size than a CLIF, they are a viable meal alternative in an emergency, yes. After three years of researching can openers, speaking with cookbook authors, and opening cans with 23 can openers , we can tell you that the EZ-Duz-It is the best piece of gear for the task. Stuck without a can opener?

Emergency kit: essential items, all times

The loss of a clean water supply has a far greater consequence than mere stink. Staying clean helps you to avoid spreading germs or harboring infection—common problems in extended disasters. Gastrointestinal illness and wound infections were the most common infectious diseases in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina , with at least five people dying from otherwise-minor wounds or abrasions. And keeping a couple-week supply of your prescription meds is crucial, since supply chains could be interrupted and pharmacies could be closed after a disaster.

The Sportsman Whitetail comes with a wide variety of supplies, instructional flash cards, and organization that makes providing first aid as simple as possible even for the untrained. Everyone should take a basic first-aid course. At a good cost, it provides most of the items that trained and untrained individuals might need to help an injured person during an emergency. While other kits we found, such as the Red Cross Deluxe Family Kit, come organized in sections based on injury type, none let you see all of the supplies you have to work with—clearly labeled with easy-to-use instructions—the way all Adventure Medical Kits, including the Whitetail, do.

We also liked that the instructions are supplemented by a comprehensive guidebook that provides greater details on treatments and when it is important to get someone to medical aid right away. It also includes aspirin, which you use for treating individuals showing signs of heart attack; aspirin is increasingly uncommon in other kits, which tend to opt for painkillers like acetaminophen Tylenol or ibuprofen Advil instead.

Check with a doctor before using aspirin for heart attack in nonemergency situations. While the supply lists for the two kits seem similar, the Whitetail is better suited for times when professional medical help may be delayed. Only the Whitetail kit includes a guidebook that covers injury treatments in greater depth. The Whitetail also forgoes a number of items that the 2.

The Bighorn is a good kit, but we think the Whitetail is the better value.

The Sportsman Grizzly is more comprehensive than the Whitetail, containing additional supplies for treating severe penetrating injuries and broken bones. Such scenarios are typically better left to medical professionals, but if you live in an area where a disaster such as an earthquake or flooding could make accessing medical aid difficult or impossible, this kit is a good buy.

Just be sure to take some training classes so that you know how to use it. Supplies that the Grizzly offers but cheaper kits often omit include a one-way-valve CPR mask, antidiarrheal medications, additional doses of the painkillers and antihistamines found in the Whitetail, and a C-splint for stabilizing broken or sprained limbs.

Our paramedics noted that while both kits were well stocked, they still failed to supply enough of certain oft-used items. Note: Most first-aid supplies have expiration dates on them, so you should expect to replace them every couple of years. The FDA says Ncertified respirators can help to reduce the risk of illness in a public health emergency. Enter the 3M N95 Particulate Respirator , our pick after 50 hours of research and testing. The mask comes with an exhalation valve to allow the moist air you exhale out of the mask.

Some reviewers complain that the latest-version wipes are not as soft as the old ones were. Washing your hands can become nearly impossible if water access is limited. In our original review, we recommended Method Sweet Water , which has since become hard to find. Purell was our next favorite. It feels a little more like lotion than Sweet Water, evaporates a touch slower, and leaves a bit more residue, but overall it performs about equally. Heavy-duty garbage bags belong in your kit for several reasons: You can use them for rain protection, as a duffel for transporting stuff in a pinch, or even as a makeshift toilet when the water is out, line your dry toilet or a sturdy bucket with a garbage bag, go, and seal.

TIPS - Emergency Planning for Family

A large-scale disaster might delay municipal garbage pickup for weeks. You can read more about them in our party-hosting guide. You can stow the headlamp in a bedside drawer for emergencies, as well as for late-night reading when your partner is asleep. The lightweight lantern can stay on the front table, handy for when you need to walk a friend home after dark.


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You can practice your fire-making skills over the grill, or on your next camping trip. Another lesson: Redundancy is your friend. Sure, stow a flashlight and candles securely in your emergency kit.

5 Things That Should Be In Your Earthquake Bag

But have a couple more in other spots around the house. As survivalists know, you never want to have just one way to make fire. Gets bright enough to light a path, dims enough to keep things cozy, and runs for up to hours on low. Having no light during a power outage can be frustrating, demoralizing, and, under certain conditions, dangerous.

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First Aid and Health Safety for Disasters

About the size of a 1-liter water bottle, it has a built-in handle for easy carrying or hanging. It gets bright enough to let you see your surroundings up to a distance of 38 feet on its lumen high setting , gets dim enough to read a book by 29 lumens , and can last up to hours on three D batteries. Bright, durable, and long-running, the Spot offers the best mix of the most important features at an attainable price.

Although a lantern, flashlight, or candles can address most of your lighting needs during a power failure, they can be bulky or cumbersome to carry. It even has a night-vision-preserving red-light mode. It will run for up to hours on three AAA batteries 50 hours at its maximum illumination setting. A good emergency candle should remain stable and should burn long and steady.

It burns about three times longer than competing solid candles. We found that a couple of popular tri-wick brands overstated their burn time, though their paraffin-candle base was still three-quarters full after plus burn hours. The tri-wick canisters themselves can also block light once the wicks burn down a bit, making these candles a poor choice for, say, reading, or using the bathroom in a power outage. With a thick wick that stays lit in a breeze, the hour Sterno is our top pick for outdoor use.

No backup firestarter we tested was as easy to use or threw as many sparks as this model from The Friendly Swede. Cook your food, dry your clothes, keep you warm, signal distress—fire does it all, provided you can start one.